It’s no wonder (haha pun definitely intended!) that the Grand Canyon, being one of the world’s largest canyons. Being approximately 446 km long and up to 29 km wide at some parts, this impressive looking canyon can go up to 1.8 km deep!
Located in Arizona, United States, this canyon was carved out by the Colorado River along with other contributing streams of water. All of the water erosion has exposed almost 2 billion years worth of Earth’s geological history. As the river cut through the rock creating channels, it slowly lifted the Colorado Plateau, thus exposing deeper channels within the Earth. It’s been thought that the Colorado River first started flowing at least 17 million years ago, thus giving it enough time to erode that deeply into the Earth’s crust. To this day, the Colorado River continues to run through the canyon, further eroding it away and changing the shape of it.
The Grand Canyon is best known for its impressive size as well as colorful formations. With two different rims offering different views of the canyon, there are also temperature changes due to the elevation of the canyon. Because the North Rim is a little bit higher, it’s temperature are generally cooler than the South Rim. If you’re planning on heading up to the Grand Canyon in the summer, you shouldn’t need to check out to see if there are any road closures, but during the winter time, be wary that The North Rim isn’t always necessarily accessible since certain roads may be closed.