Salamanca is the capital city of the Province of Salamanca. It is a city in northwestern Spain, and it is very old, historic, and declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site since 1988. The population of the city is 228,881 as of 2012, and it remains the second most populated urban area in Castile and Leon, right after Valladolid.
The city is a university city, and one of the most popular in Spain. It supplies 16% of Spain’s market for teaching Spanish language, and it attracts thousands and thousands of international students even still. The city therefore develops a massively diverse environment that gives it a great feel.
The city is located 200 kilometres west of the great spanish capital of Madrid and 80 kilometres east from the Portuguese boarder. In 1134, the University of Salamanca was founded, and it is the oldest university in Spain, and is the fourth oldest western university. The first person to give validity to the university’s degrees was Pope Alexander IV. With the 30,000 students the university is the primary source of income for Salamanca, included with tourism.
Why is tourism so popular? The city was founded in pre-Ancient Rome, by the Vacceos. They were a Celtic tribe, and used the city to hold a defence near the Duero river. During the 3rd century BC, Beto laid siege to the city, and with the fall of the Carthaginians to the Romans, the city became more of a commercial hub due to it’s idea location. Because of it’s central stage in history, it is full of historic culture.