What you imagine as a castle might shining peaks and glimmering blue and pink capped towers, but a real castle has to be made for good use. Castles have spanned the age of history since the 9th century, and we have learned a lot from studying them. Due to the high population, castles are now only kept as historical sites and for the royal family, but won’t be amazing to live and breathe in such a time of majesty?
Castle architecture was originally developed with weapons technology. They needed defense and attack since they didn’t have tanks or marine like we do now. It needed a good, strong base that could be defended against. Thick, high walls and secure entry gates were built against frontal attack. Moats and rock foundations was protection from undermining.
It has arrow loops, crenellation, machicolations and murder holes to minimize exposure of defenders, and postern gates and secret tunnels provides for means of escape.
There was always a vast amount of food and fresh water supplies to withstand a siege.
A good castle had no dead-spaces, so attackers could fire on and you would be able to defend. The best castles had rings of defense so that defenders could stay safe in a citadel even if the outer walls fall.
A lot of castles were strategically placed so that they could see when the attackers were coming, or in a surrounded area so they could control access from a valley.
The best part of castles are the living quarters — which were all extremely spacey and grandiose. Rarely, there were also dungeons, in which they kept the prisoners and torture chambers.
What else is interesting to note is that defensive stairs were always made out of food, so that the defenders can dismantle or destroy them if they’re trying to hide. The rest of the stairways are made of stone. Spiral staircases are always in a clockwise helix so that a right handed attacker would have trouble wielding their sword as they went upwards, and a defender would have more ease of freedom with his right hand.